India’s EV market to grow at CAGR of 44% between 2020-2027: IESA report

December 23, 2020 / News & Updates, Press Release

Pune India: India Energy Storage Alliance (IESA), India’s leading alliance on energy storage & e-mobility, released its second annual “India Electric Vehicle Market Overview Report 2020-2027” for the India Market. The report covers the present scenario and forecast of electric vehicle (EV), EV batteries, and the public charging infrastructure market in the country. It also covers updated revenue and unit sale details by various EV segments, charging infrastructure types, EV battery potential, and the present stage of EV components market in India. There is a detailed chapter on central and state-level EV policy analysis that offers a competitive analysis of EV and EV battery suppliers.

The report provides an insight into the EV battery market and its sales figures by EV segments. Battery capacity (GWh) and revenue (INR Cr) are forecasted until 2027. EV components such as motors, power electronics, and battery management systems and their market are also covered. The EV sales in India stood at 380,000 in 2019-20 and the EV battery market stood at 5.4GWh during the year. In the best-case scenario, the EV market is expected to grow at CAGR of 44% between 2020-2027 and is expected to hit 6.34-million-unit annual sales by 2027. The annual battery demand is forecasted to grow at 32% to hit 50GWh by 2027. Of that, 40+GWh will be on lithium-ion batteries. The estimated battery market potential is $580 million in 2019 and is forecasted to grow to $14.9 billion by 2027.

The electric two-wheeler (E2W) market took up the highest share in 2019-20. Currently, low and medium speed E2W (up to 40 kmph), with conventional lead-acid batteries, are dominating the market as they are already at par in terms of upfront cost with Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) vehicles. Secondly, high-speed segment with Li-ion batteries is also gaining momentum slowly. With more companies getting FAME-II certification in 2020, sale of high-speed E2Ws is also expected to increase rapidly in the next two years.

For the exponential growth of this segment, the market is demanding quality two-wheelers, which can compete with ICE vehicles in terms of both cost and performance. Further, with a continuous drop in the price of Li-ion batteries, power electronics, and advancement in EV technologies, the high-speed segment is also expected to hit the parity by 2024-25 without the subsidy support from the government. That could be considered a tipping point for the exponential growth of this segment in the country.  In terms of battery technology for E2Ws, as per industry inputs, lead-acid technology will be completely out of the market in the next five years.

The electric bus market in India is expected to be driven with subsidy support from the Central Government in phase-1 (2023-24) due to high upfront cost. Future expansion is likely based on viability and access to financing. So far, FAME-I and FAME-II schemes have been the key drivers of the e-bus market in India. In 2019, the Department of Heavy Industry (DHI) sanctioned 5595 e-buses to various STU’s under the FAME-II scheme. The procurement process of 2500 buses have already been completed and approved for subsidy by DHI and further contracting is underway.

The low-speed electric three-wheeler (E3W) market in India has grown very rapidly in different parts of the country since 2013. According to International Centre for Automotive Technology (ICAT), there are 600+ registered players available in the segment. Apart from the registered OEMs, the grey e-rickshaw market has also evolved rapidly in different parts of the country, particularly in West Bengal, Bihar, & Delhi NCR. As per industry estimation, 60% of the e-rickshaws today on road come from unorganized suppliers. The growth of the grey e-rickshaw market has slowed down due to the government’s push for ICAT certified models from late 2018, and the share of organized players is increasing slowly.

Going forward, the industry believes that there is a huge potential for the growth of the e-rickshaw market in the upcoming years, as many new markets such as Raipur, Indore, Bhopal, Orissa etc. have opened last year. Moreover, the South and North East markets are also expected to open in the upcoming years. In terms of battery technology, lead-acid continues to dominate the market due to strong after sales service, however, OEMs have started shifting towards Li-ion batteries. As per ICAT, 80% -90% of the newer models tested and certified are based on Li-ion batteries.

The high-speed E3W (L5) market is currently at a very nascent stage and has opened mainly at the B2B and in-cargo segment due to requirement of performance vehicles. Low-cost financing is a key constraint hindering the growth of this segment. Going forward, industry believes that the market will grow very rapidly in the upcoming years, as many state governments are planning to convert the existing fleet of autos into electric under their EV policies. Apart from state governments, e-commerce companies are looking to increase their fleet size and have already announced their targets. Secondly, as per industry, a battery swapping option could be a game changer for this segment and has a potential to disrupt the market.

For more information about on the report, visit-

About India Energy Storage Alliance (IESA):

India Energy Storage Alliance (IESA) is the premier alliance focused on the advancement of advanced energy storage and e-mobility technologies in India. The alliance was founded in 2012 by Customized Energy Solutions (CES).  IESA’s vision is to make India a global hub for R&D, manufacturing and adoption of advanced energy storage and e-mobility technologies. In the last eight years, IESA member circle has grown from 5 to 100+ members and covers verticals from Energy Storage & EV Manufacturers, Charging Infrastructure, Research institutes & universities, Renewable Energy companies, and Power electronics companies.

About Customized Energy Solutions (CES)

Customized Energy Solutions is one of the fastest-growing energy consulting & services companies, operating in North America for the past 22 years. Established in 1998, Customized Energy Solutions assists clients in managing and staying ahead of the changes in the wholesale and retail electricity and natural gas markets. CES India is working with over 500 clients across the value chain of the electricity industry globally. CES started their India operations in 2010 and is working with commercial and industrial customers to help reduce their energy costs through better utilization of the energy markets and emerging technologies. CES’ Emerging Technologies group provides a range of products and consulting services to help project developers, investors, technology companies and other clients understand the value proposition of new energy storage-based technologies. They have helped in bringing innovative energy services such as demand response to India and are pioneers in the integration of the latest technologies such as energy storage, microgrids as well as smart grid maturity models for Indian consumers.